The main religions are Christianity: Oriental Orthodoxy (Russian and Georgian Churches), Oriental Orthodoxy (Armenian Apostolic Church), Nestorianism (Assyrian Church in the East) and Islam (mainly Sunnis and Shiites). There are representatives of Judaism (Ashkenazi, Lahluhsi, Georgian and Mountain Jews) and Yezidism (Yazidis). Traditional beliefs are also preserved, usually combined with one of the world’s religions. The Caucasus region was extremely important due to its geostrategic position – trade and transport routes connecting Europe with Central Asia passed here.
Learn more about the individual countries that make up the Caucasus.
Georgia is located in what is traditionally known as Eurasia. Georgia is washed by the Black Sea in the west, bordered by Turkey in the west and south, Armenia in the south, Azerbaijan in the east and Russia in the north.Read more
Armenia is a country in the Caucasus, located on the border of Europe and Asia; former union republic of the USSR. Armenia borders Georgia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, Iran to the south and Turkey to the west.Read more